Digital Signature Certificates

Digital Signature Certificates

In short it is DSC means digital signature certificate. The “Cleartax” consultants specify that a digital signature is a mathematical technique used to validate the authenticity and integrity of a message, software or digital document. The digital signature offers far more inherent security. It will solve the problem of tampering and impersonation in digital communications.

Distinction between Class-2 and Class-3 certificate

The “Digiexcel” specify that in this day and age of technology, physical signatures are increasingly being converted to digital media for security reasons. Digital Signature Certificates, (DSC) are simply the electronic equivalent of physical or paper certificates such as identity proofs, driver’s licenses, passports or PAN cards. These certificates can prove to be helpful for many online transactions that require digital proof of identities and to receive and send information on the web safely.

Organizations and firms, today require digital signature certificate to better facilitate communication and transactions between them and the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The companies having turnover of more than INR 60 Lakhs are required to obtain. Besides, it is always wise to get a digital signature as it offers a high level of security for online transactions by ensuring absolute privacy of the information exchanged. These certificates can also be useful for encrypting information that only the intended recipient can have access to. You can digitally sign information to assure the recipient that it has not been changed in transit, and also verify your identity as the sender of the message.

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digital signature certificate
digital signature certificate

Types of Digital Signature Certificates

There are two main types of Digital Signature Certificates – Class 2 Certificates and Class 3 Digital Signature Certificate. A Class 2 Digital Signature Certificate is used by individuals and is available for download after verification based on a trusted and pre-verified database. A Class 3 Digital Signature Certificate, on the other hand, is of the highest level as it is issued only after the registrant’s identity verification has been carried out by a Registration Authority.

Class 2 Digital Signature Certificates are generally used for filing documents Income Tax, Registrar of Companies and VAT, whereas Class 3 Digital Signature Certificates are needed for e-tendering, which is a procurement process that is conducted online. The aspects where this comes into play include:

  • Contract download
  • Evaluation of tenders (May or may not involve e-auctions)
  • Supplier registration/expression of interest
  • Submission of bid document.

The Ministry of Company Affairs, Government of India (GoI) has initiated MCA21 program, for easy and secure access to its services in a manner that best suits the businesses and citizens. The MCA21 application is designed to support Class 2 & 3 Digital Signature Certificates (DSC) issued by licensed Certifying Authority under Controller of Certifying Authorities. The pricing of these digital certificates varies, but you can get the best price by calling DigiExcel, an official digital signature provider in gurgaon, Delhi, NCR at +91 9718145900 or +91 9810607755. Service Tax of 12.36% is applicable for Digital Signature Certificate and VAT of 5.5% is also applicable on the token.

Digital Signature Certificates (DSC)

DSC Class 2:-

A Class 2 Digital Signature Certificate is available for download after verification based on a trusted and pre-verified database. Class-2 DSC used for ITR filling, e-filling,MCA forms Sign,TDS Returns, etc.It is avalible after verification based on a trust and Digital Sign of individual Person.

DSC Class 3:-

A Class 3 Digital Signature Certificate is available for download after verification based on a trusted and pre-verified database. Class-3 DSC used for MCA, ROC, Income tax, Northen Railway, IRCTC, e-Tendering, Trade Mark,e-procurement and other departments & organisations. Digital Certificates shall be used to access the website and authenticate the vendors. Vendors like E-Tendring etc. Vendors shall have to procure legally valid Digital Certificate issued by a Licensed Registration Authority (LRA). Class-3 DSC on the hand,is of a higher level as it is issued only after the registrant’s identity verification has been done by Registration Authority

Who Needs a Digital Signature Certificate?

The Companies may authorise any professional. These include:

  • Directors
  • Auditors
  • Bank Officials – for Registration and Satisfaction of Charges
  • Company Secretary – Whether in practice or in job
  • Other Authorized Signatories.

The validity in such case shall be one year. A DSC is unique to each individual. The professionals can also obtained a DSC. The professionals can sign on behalf of their clients. The professional can sign for any number of clients. The companies have to authorize the professionals. Digital Signatures are legally admissible as per IT ACT 2000.

DSC Class-2 

A Class 2 Digital Signature Certificate is available for download after verification based on a trusted and pre-verified database. Class-2 DSC used for ITR filling, e-filling,MCA forms Sign,TDS Returns, etc.It is available after verification based on a trust and Digital Sign of individual Person.

DSC Class-2 Requirements – E-filing

  • New GST Registration/GST Filling
  • Income Tax return
  • Ministry of corporate Affairs forms (MCA)
  • Registrar of Companies (ROC)
  • TDS Return
  • DGFT IEC Registration
  • Private Limited Company Formation
  • Limited liability partnership formation

Documents Required For Individuals

  • Pan Card
  • Aadhar Card
  • Driving Licence
  • Passport Size Photo
  • Email ID
  • Mobile No.

Documents Required For Organisations

  • Letter From Organization
  • Organization’s pan card
  • Bank Statement
  • Incorporation Certificate
  • GST Registration Certificate
  • Proof of Authorized Signatory
  • Pan card, aadhar card of Authorized Signatory

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DSC Class 3:-

A Class 3 Digital Signature Certificate is available for download after verification based on a trusted and pre-verified database. Class-3 DSC used for MCA, ROC, Income tax, Northen Railway, IRCTC, e-Tendering, Trade Mark,e-procurement and other departments & organisations. Digital Certificates shall be used to access the website and authenticate the vendors. Vendors like E-Tendring etc. Vendors shall have to procure legally valid Digital Certificate issued by a Licensed Registration Authority (LRA). Class-3 DSC is issued after the registrant’s identity verification has been done by Registration Authority

DSC Class-3 Requirements

  • Ministory of corporate affairs (MCA)
  • Registrar of Companies (ROC)
  • Income Tax Return Filling/Tax Audit
  • e-Tendring
  • e-Ticketing
  • Vendor Registrations
  • DGFT Registration/Tenders

Documents Required For Individuals

  • Pan Card of Applicant
  • Aadhar Card of applicant
  • Driving License/Voter ID Card
  • Passport Size Photo
  • GST Registration Certificate
  • Bank Statement

Documents Required For Organisations

  • Letter From Organization
  • Organization’s pan card
  • Bank Statement
  • Incorporation Certificate
  • GST Registration Certificate
  • Proof of Authorized Signatory
  • Pan card, Aadhar card of Authorized Signatory
  • Partnership Deed (in case of partnership)
  • LLP Agreement containing the list of partners (in case of LLP)